An Overview of Chengdu

Chengdu is the capital of Sichuan province in Southwest China. It is one of the most important economic, transportation, and communication centers in Western China. According to the 2007 Public Appraisal for Best Chinese Cities for Investment, Chengdu was chosen as one of the top ten cities to invest in out of a total of 280 urban centers in China. It was recently named China’s 4th-most livable city by China Daily.

Chengdu is a port and the commercial center of the Chengdu plain, the main farming area of Sichuan. Its irrigation system dates back to the second century B.C. A transportation hub, it is the rail center for SE China. Products include textiles, processed foods, chemicals, machinery, railway equipment, aluminum, electronics, and paper. High-grade iron ore is mined at nearby Lugu. An old walled city, Chengdu was in existence during the Ch’un-ch’iu period (770–475 B.C.). It was the capital of the Shu Han dynasty (3rd century A.D.) and one of the earliest (9th century A.D.) printing centers in China. A cultural seat since ancient times, it is commonly called “little Beijing.” Its numerous institutions of higher learning include Sichuan Univ., Chengdu Technical Univ., and two medical colleges (source).

The native language in Chengdu is Sichuanese, otherwise referred to as Sichuan dialect. More precisely, “Chengdu Dialect”  is widely used in lieu of “Sichuanese” due to the largely different accents of Sichuanese speakers residing elsewhere (source).


As the cultural center of Sichuan province, all religions are practiced in Chengdu. However, the dominating religion in Chengdu is still Buddhism. Chengdu is also the cradle of Taoism in China. In the Han Dynasty, Zhangling created Wudoumi Taoism in Heming Mountain, Chengdu City, which symbolized the birth of Taoism in China.  At present, there are 5 major Christianity Churches in Chengdu, including Shangxiang Church, Enguang Church, Jintang Wufeng Gospel Hall, Dujiangyan Gospel Hall and Luodai Gospel Hall (source).

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